The Science Behind the COVID-19 Vaccine: Parent FAQs


With the recent approval of the Covid-19 vaccination for children ages 12-15, we thought many parents would find this article helpful in answering some of their questions.

How does the COVID-19 vaccine work?

  • The COVID-19 vaccine works similarly to other vaccines your child has had. Germs such as SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, invade and multiply inside the body. The vaccine stops this by teaching the immune system to recognize and make antibodies to fight the virus. After vaccination, your child has less of a chance of getting COVID-19. And if they do get infected with the virus, they may not be as sick as they would without the vaccine.


What are the types of vaccines?

  • Three different vaccines have been given emergency use authorization by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Two require two doses (Pfizer and Moderna), and one involves a single shot (Johnson & Johnson).


How do we know COVID-19 vaccines are safe for kids?

  • Before getting FDA emergency use authorization, clinical trials showed COVID-19 vaccines to be remarkably safe and effective for adults and teens age 16 and up. Trials involved tens of thousands of volunteers. After getting additional safety data for younger teens, the FDA extended authorization to adolescents ages 12 and older. Clinical trials are underway for children as young as six months old.


The vaccines continue to be monitored very closely. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) say that COVID-19 vaccines will have “the most intensive safety monitoring in U.S. history.” For additional questions or concerns about the COVID-19 vaccine, please give our office a call at 407-566-9700. To read the FULL ARTICLE click here!

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November 2020